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Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.
Einstein is best known to the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which has been dubbed "the world’s most famous equation". He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect", a crucial step in the development of quantum theory.
Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century and one of the most influential people of the 20th century. His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.
Early life and education
Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany, on March 14, 1879. His father was a salesman and his mother was a housewife. He showed an early aptitude for mathematics and science, and he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zürich in 1896. He received his diploma in 1900, but he was unable to find a teaching position.
Einstein worked as a patent clerk in Bern, Switzerland, from 1902 to 1909. During this time, he developed his theory of special relativity. He published his theory in 1905, which revolutionized our understanding of space, time, and gravity.
In 1909, Einstein was appointed professor of theoretical physics at the University of Zurich. He moved to the University of Berlin in 1914, where he remained until 1933. In 1915, he published his theory of general relativity, which is a more comprehensive theory of gravity than Newton’s law of universal gravitation.
Einstein’s work on relativity was controversial at first, but it was eventually accepted by the scientific community. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his work on the photoelectric effect.
In 1933, Einstein fled Nazi Germany for the United States. He was appointed professor of theoretical physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, where he remained until his death in 1955.
Einstein’s work has had a profound impact on our understanding of the universe. His theories have been used to explain a wide range of phenomena, from the behavior of atoms to the expansion of the universe. Einstein is considered one of the greatest physicists of all time.
Einstein was married twice. His first marriage was to Mileva Marić, a Serbian physicist, in 1903. They had three children together. His second marriage was to Elsa Löwenthal, his cousin, in 1919.
Einstein was a complex and controversial figure. He was a brilliant scientist, but he was also aloof and eccentric. He was a pacifist and a vocal critic of nuclear weapons.
Einstein died in Princeton, New Jersey, on April 18, 1955. He was 76 years old.
Einstein’s work has had a profound impact on our understanding of the universe. His theories have been used to explain a wide range of phenomena, from the behavior of atoms to the expansion of the universe. Einstein is considered one of the greatest physicists of all time
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